The Super Secrets of Sewage

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Published on 9 May 2022, 15:57
Order your copy of ""How To Prevent The Next Pandemic"" here: amazon.com/Prevent-Next-Pandem...
In 2020, many cities started monitoring wastewater for viruses, and there are a lot of non-virus reasons to keep doing it.

LEARN MORE
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To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
- Microbiome - the microorganisms in a particular environment (including the body or a part of the body).
- Wastewater - water that has been used in the home, in a business, or as part of an industrial process.
- Viral shedding - releasing a virus into the environment through sneezing, coughing, or feces.

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REFERENCES
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Anis, E., et al. “Insidious Reintroduction of Wild Poliovirus into Israel, 2013.” Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Europeen Sur Les Maladies Transmissibles = European Communicable Disease Bulletin, vol. 18, no. 38, 19 Sept. 2013, p. 20586, pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24084337/, 10.2807/1560-7917.es2013.18.38.20586.

CDC. “National Wastewater Surveillance System.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 21 July 2021, www.cdc.gov/healthywater/surveillance/wastewater-surveillance/wastewater-surveillance.html.

Graber, Cynthia. “Why an MIT Robot Is Collecting Poop from Our Sewers - the Boston Globe.” BostonGlobe.com, www.bostonglobe.com/magazine/2017/01/19/why-mit-has-robot-collecting-samples-sewer/g1EhuRPbVR2VtwwJuo2DTN/story.html.

Hellmér, Maria, et al. “Detection of Pathogenic Viruses in Sewage Provided Early Warnings of Hepatitis a Virus and Norovirus Outbreaks.” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 80, no. 21, 1 Nov. 2014, pp. 6771–6781, aem.asm.org/content/80/21/6771.short, 10.1128/AEM.01981-14.

Hovi, T., et al. “Poliovirus Surveillance by Examining Sewage Specimens. Quantitative Recovery of Virus after Introduction into Sewerage at Remote Upstream Location.” Epidemiology & Infection, vol. 127, no. 1, 1 Aug. 2001, pp. 101–106, www.cambridge.org/core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection/article/poliovirus-surveillance-by-examining-sewage-specimens-quantitative-recovery-of-virus-after-introduction-into-sewerage-at-remote-upstream-location/EB531F077E4C87FD7284B143352EEEAD, 10.1017/S0950268801005787. Accessed 5 May 2022.

Julian, Tim. (2022). Personal communication. Group Leader of Pathogens and Human Health, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology. eawag.ch/en/aboutus/portrait/o...

Metcalf, T. G., et al. “Environmental Virology: From Detection of Virus in Sewage and Water by Isolation to Identification by Molecular Biology--a Trip of over 50 Years.” Annual Review of Microbiology, vol. 49, 1995, pp. 461–487, pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8561468/, 10.1146/annurev.mi.49.100195.002333.

Raphael, Therese. “Where Will We Find the next Covid Outbreak? Check the Sewers.” Bloomberg.com, 8 Jan. 2022, www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2022-01-08/covid-omicron-sewers-are-our-early-warning-system-for-future-virus-outbreaks.

Wells, Chad R., et al. “Prosocial Polio Vaccination in Israel.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 117, no. 23, 26 May 2020, pp. 13138–13144, 10.1073/pnas.1922746117.
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